Cropp's This and That
         Interesting infos for the timber trade

                                                                                  for timberexperts
 
  
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Shipping documents
Before contract conclusion the participants should clarify some basic formalities. For national trade invoice and delivery order are usually sufficient. The rules for the trade within the EU are simple also (VAT No,  Intrastat, carrier certificate, transport document). The trade with countries outside the EU is a little more complicate and sometimes even impossible. For these exports a lot of additional shipping documents might be necessary according to the import regulations of the country of destination:  Contract, detailed Invoice, Packing List, Certificate of Origin, preferential Certificate (ATR, EUR1), Phytosanitary Certificate, Fumigation Certificate, Waybill (CMR, Air Waybill, Bill of Lading), Export Permit or Import Permit, ATLAS Declaration (customs export declaration with barcode), consular legalization, statements, certificates and insurance policy, CITES export and import permits etc.
  

Wood packing material regulations!
If for cross-border shipments wood packaging is provided, certified wood packing material must be used. This applies to all the packing material that are made of solid wood. Packaging material for example particle board, pressed wood or plywood pallets are not included (non-wood declaration). Solid wood packing material with a thickness under 6 mm need not be certified. Dunnage material, stickers in bundles and wood wedges are subject to the wood packaging
regulations and must be treated and marked.  

 

     
Good
preparation helps
Each shipment should be well prepared. This includes the gathering of many details, which are required for the booking of transport space or customs purposes. All information will be recorded in the shipping documents, so that each party can find any information easily. For example, the customs needs basecally all details regarding value, quantity (No of pieces, Gross / Net weight in kg and m3, etc.) and exact description, characteristics, identification features, botanical name, commodity codes (HS). The freight forwarder for transportation in particular, the package dimensions and weight, quantity, exact shipping address with phone / fax / email and some other details.

More information
www.cites.ec.gc.ca
www.bfn.de
www.wisia.de
www.nlwkn.de
http://evatr.bff-online.de
www.zoll.de
https://www-idev.destatis.de
www.destatis.de
www.cites.org
http://pflanzengesundheit.jki.bund.de/ http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/dds2/col/
www.hk24.de

With compliments,
Your  Cropp-Tonewoodteam

    

 

 

 
Formulas and conversion factors for timber traders:
       
Unit or Measure Formula or Conversian Factor/s Usual use Countries using
Foot Board Measure
(BF, MBF, FBM)
= 12 in. * 12 in. * 1 in. = 1/12th cubic foot
1,980 FBM = 1 standard (of 165 cubic foot).
1,000 FBM = 83.3 cubic feet = 2.36 cubic metres
= 0.505 standards
Log and Lumber
(sawn timber)
measure
North America
       
Doyle Measure
(DM, DF, MDF)
Method:
A deduction of 4 inches from diameter is made for slabs.
Volume: 
Length(ft) * (diameter(ins) - 4 ins.)≤ / 16 = board feet
Board feet measure that can
be produced from good log
North America
       
Cubic metre
(cbm, m3)
= 35.315 cubic feet
= 423.728 board feet (12 ins.*12 ins.*1 in.) of sawn wood
= 0.214 standards (of 165 cubic feet) of sawn wood
= 35.315 cubic feet of roundwood (Hoppus 113 measure)
= 27.72 Hoppus cubic feet of roundwood (Hoppus 144 measure)
Continental log and timber measure
and timber statistics issued
by european countries
Europe and other
countries
       
Circumference (girth)
Measurement

(cbm, m3)
Method:
"True content of cylinder".

The length and mid-circumference of the log are measured
Formular:
Radius≤ * Pi (3.1416) * length
Volume:
Circumference / 3.1416 / 2 = (Radius)≤ * 3.14 * length = m3 (cbm)
Example:
1st. step:  203cm(circumf.) / 3.1416(Pi) =64.6cm(diameter)
2nd.step: 0.647 m / 2 = 0.324 m (radius)
3rd. step:  0.324 m (Radius) * 0.324 m (Radius) 
                * 3.1416 (PI) * 3.30 m (length) 
                = 1.088 m3 (cubic metre) volume
Continental log measure Europe, Germany
and other countries
       
Diameter measurement
(cbm, m3)
Method:
"True content of cylinder".

The length and mid-diameter of the log are measured
Formular:
Radius≤ * Pi (3.1416) * length
Volume:
diameter / 2   = (Radius)≤  *  3.1416  *  length  =  m3 (cbm)
Example:
1st. step:  0.647 m (diameter) / 2 = 0.324 m (radius)
2nd. step:  0.324 m (Radius) * 0.324 m (Radius) 
                * 3.1416 (PI) * 3.30 m (length) 
                = 1.088 m3 (cubic metre) volume
Continental log measure Europe, Germany
and other countries
       
Festmeter
(fm)
similar to" true content of cylinder" method of circumference
measurement
and/or diameter measurement

=      1 cubic metre of roundwood felled, 
   or 1 cubic metre of  standing timber.
Continental log measure Germany
       
cubic metre
(cbm, m3)
Method:
The thickness,  length and mid-width of the board are mesasured,
mid-width includes half of the edges of unedged boards.

Volume:
thickness * length * width = m3 (cbm)
Example:
0.052 m (thick) * 3.10 m (length) * 0.26 m (width) 
= 0.042 m3 (cbm) 
Unedged lumber measure
       
cubic metre
(cbm, m3)
Method:
The thickness,  length and width of the paralleledged board
are mesasured.

Volume:
thickness * length * width = m3 (cbm)
Example:
0.052 cm (thick) * 3.10 m (length) * 0.26 m (width) 
= 0.042 m3 (cbm) 
Edged lumber measure
       
inch (english) = 25.4 mm = 2.54 cm = 0.0254 metre
foot (english) = 304.8 mm = 30.48 cm = 0.3048 metre
metre (m) = 1000 mm = 100 cm = 1 metre
Board Feet 1,000 Board Feet ( 1 MBF) = 2.36 m3 (cbm)
 
More formulas and factors
for experts!




   
  • All information without guarantee
  • Errors excepted.
 

 

        
    Max Cropp e.K.  Grossmoorring 10  D-21079 Hamburg  Tel: +49 +40 - 766 235 0  Fax: +49 +40 - 77 58 40 
info@cropp-timber.com